Education for Children with Special Needs

Children with disabilities need support and interventions alongside normal class experiences to be successful in academics. This explains the need to train teachers to handle students with special needs. Education for the mentally disabled at the high school level involves various things that explain why the services and unique specialized treatment offered to mentally disabled children is necessary. At the secondary level, these students are provided with additional time to take tests and complete assignments. Some have tests read to them and even receive slower-paced instruction or are even accorded different and unique assignments than the rest of the students depending on the disabilities they have. This can differ depending on the level (high, moderate or low) of the functioning of students with mental retardation.

These students also require assistance and support to enhance classroom participation. Depending on their functioning, they are supported by a teacher aid, instructional assistance or any other person and to be able to participate in the classroom. They also receive learning strategies or study skills assistance, and some even have a peer tutor. Where necessary, some students receive more help from a tutor or self-advocacy.

Also, these students receive support from a wide range of services necessary for them to benefit from programs in place. They receive services such as mental therapy, participate in adaptive physical education and even special transport where needed. These could be social services, psychological and mental health services, services for behavioral intervention and also therapeutic services or communication services.

As part of the secondary education for the mentally disabled, a case manager is assigned. Their work is to oversee services provided for a child. In some schools, this person may be the child’s special instructor while in others the responsibility may be taken up by the school district personnel. A case manager ensures efficiency in teaching and learning in the education of the mentally disabled.

Aside from providing the required education, secondary education also acts as a transition to post-secondary education. They create a platform for students to get a sense of what to expect when beginning a post-secondary program. They invite people with first-hand experience in such programs, instructors or administrators in colleges or universities students intend to join or students who have already made the transition to post-secondary schools. This is necessary because particular students may want to join post-secondary institutions that are not completely meant for students with special needs.

Secondary education for students with mental retardation is an important level of education among these students. This necessitates the need for support from the government and other related organizations to provide equal opportunities for such students countrywide as they require special equipment to ensure learning takes place and the provision of services for students with certain disabilities that may be required. It is the responsibility of the government to ensure such students have equal opportunities in the nation’s economy just like the rest.

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